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Thread: What is the Importance of IRP and IFTA Programs?

  1. #11
    RT Amateur oliverbaker's Avatar
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    Apr 2016
    Quote Originally Posted by Marie View Post
    IFTA (International Fuel Tax Agreement) and IRP (International Registration Plan) is a requirement for truckers driving Interstate vehicles as mandated by ISTEA 1991. Reporting is a big deal especially if you see some of the assessments for carriers that are not paying attention to proper record-keeping and accounting for all their miles traveled as they should be.

    The benefits of IFTA and IRP Registration are:
    - One fuel use license to operate in both the provinces and states
    - One province or state to deal with for the IFTA license and to report motor fuel taxes
    - One province or state that collects the motor fuel taxes from you and distributes the taxes to all IFTA provinces and states

    IFTA and IRP are mandated to audit 3% of all registrants annually. For more information, read my article on What you need to know about IRP / IFTA.
    Quote Originally Posted by Admin View Post
    The unladen Weight of your truck is the total truck weight of the truck by itself. i.e. With no driver, nor payload, nor anything else that is not part of the truck itself. It includes fuel, oil, etc. This is the same as the Chassis Weight, Curb Weight or Tare Weight.

    The GVW (Gross Vehicle Weight) is the total weight of the vehicle and it's load. GVW - unladen Weight = weight of your load. The GVWR (Gross Vehicle Weight Rating) is the total weight the vehicle is rated to carry by the manufacturer, including its own weight and the weight of its load. When GVW = GVWR you are carrying the max load the truck was designed for.

    I do not know what the GCVR stands for. Did you read that right?

    The GAWR (Gross Axle Weight Rating) is the maximum weight an axle is rated to carry by the manufacturer. Includes both the weight of the axle and the portion of a vehicle's weight carried by the axle. This is generally 12,000 lbs for the steer axle, 20,000 lbs for the drive and trailer axles and 34,000 lbs for tandem axles. These number can change (increase, but not decrease) for different states and for different axle configurations. For example, when the distance between 2 axles is over 8 feet, the weight is increased.

    Note: Federal commercial vehicle maximum standards on the Interstate Highway System are:
    Single Axle: 20,000 pounds
    Tandem Axle: 34,000 pounds
    Gross Vehicle Weight: 80,000 pounds

    A note on IFTA from Wikipedia: Simply stated, IFTA works as a "pay now or pay later" system. As CMV's buy fuel, any fuel taxes paid to the states is credited to that licensee's account. At the end of the fiscal quarter, the licensee completes their fuel tax report, listing all miles traveled in all participating jurisdictions and lists all gallons purchased in the same. Then the average fuel mileage is applied to the miles traveled to determine the tax liability to each jurisdiction. Three states—Kentucky, New Mexico, and New York—have "weight-mile" taxes in addition to the standard fuel tax. Oregon has just a weight-mile tax. Any amount of fuel taxes due (or refund due) is then paid to (or 'by' in the case of a refund) the base jurisdiction who issued the license. The member jurisdictions then take care of transferring the funds accordingly. Audits are conducted only by the base state and fuel bonds are rarely required.
    Thanks for the this information.

  2. #12
    Admin Admin's Avatar
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    May 2012
    Wilmington, NC; USA
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    Oliver, this is for US, not Canada. I do not know if they have a different system or not. Perhaps yo can add that for US drivers going into Canada. The Federal Standards are only good for the National Highway system and do NOT override limitations from the manufactuerer for Axel weights. Also some states have grandfathered weights and I belive the width of the tire can also affect allowable weight in a few states. It's a grand mess, if you ask me. Admin
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